Township Green on August 31, 1889, and dedicated on September 4, 1889.
Creation and Cost
The monument was funded through a tax voted upon, carried, and paid by Vienna residents.
From: General and Local Acts Passed, and Joint Resolutions Adopted by the Sixty-Eighth General Assembly at Its Regular Session, Begun and Held in the City of Columbus, January 2, 1888. Volume LXXXV. Columbus, 1888.
Vienna Presbyterian Church, the owner of Vienna Township Green, leased to the Township the land upon which the monument would stand. The handwritten document reads:
This indenture of Lease made at Vienna, Trumbull County, Ohio this 2d day of April in the year 1888 by and between R. P. Hays, R. J. Stewart & George Pound, Trustees of the Presbyterian Church of Vienna and their Successors in said Church, party of the first-part, and A. I. Truesdell, H. L. Scovill & Geo. Chamberlain, Trustees of the Township of Vienna as the party of the Second Part witnesseth. That in consideration of one dollar the first-party hath leased and hereby doth lease unto the second party and their successors in office and for the use and benefit of the
citizens of said Vienna Township to erect a Soldiers Monument upon the following described piece or plot of land to wit. A plot of land to be measured and staked of[f] in the Southeast corner of a tract of land lying at the center of said township and on the Northwest corner at said central point in said Township. Said plot is to be not more than fifty feet square and to be located not more than eight rods west of the west side of the North and South center road and not more than eight rods north of the North side of the East and West center road. To have and to hold the same for the terms of ninety-nine years or as lon as said plot may be used for the said purpose of a Soldiers Monument. 
Vienna chose a simple design: an obelisk surmounted by an eagle. The majority of Ohio monuments built between 1863 and 1869 featured eagles, but only seven of the fifty-eight monuments created in the state between 1870 and 1889 included this patriotic symbol. The most popular design of Civil War monuments in the state was the figure of a soldier at parade rest. Vienna’s design echoes the verticality of the church spire located diagonally behind it.
John Koehler (born 1829, Baden, Germany), a marble cutter and dealer living in Howland, designed the monument, which was constructed of Quincy granite by M. C. Kennedy, who owned a granite and marble works in Cortland. The cost of the monument was one thousand dollars.
On September 6, 1889, the Western Reserve Chronicle noted the monument’s dedication:
The people of Vienna finished a noble and patriotic work on Thursday last. It was the day set apart for the dedication of a beautiful granite monument erected by the people of that town to their soldier heroes who now rest on the eternal camping ground. At 1:30 p.m. nearly one thousand people had gathered about the shaft, located on the Public Square, the boys of the Grand Army of the Republic forming a hollow square, and Esquire Griffiths, in behalf of the people formally presented the monument. The presentation speech was a model one. On behalf of Truesdale [Truesdell] Post G.A.R. comrade Garrand [Garraud] accepted it in a well named speech, and with the singing of the patriotic airs by the union choir, an excellent organization, a devout prayer by Rev. Moses Scott, and music by the Brookfield brass band, the ceremonies about the monument were at the end.
Inscribed on the monument are names of men who died or served during the Civil War.
This article is adapted from Carley Cooper O'Neill, "Vienna Soldiers and Sailors Monument," in Vienna, Ohio, "Where We Live and Let Live": Town 4, Range 2 of the Connecticut Western Reserve (Apollo, PA: Closson Press, 1999), pp. 175-176. Additional research provided by Shirley T. Wajda, May 2011.
 Transcribed in Ruth and Paul Miller, comps., A History of the Vienna Memorial Day Assocation, at the time of its 50th Anniversary, May 27, 1991 (Vienna, Ohio: Vienna Presbyterian Church, 1991).