Census of 1820

The Federal Census of 1820 contains schedules for Vienna Township, Trumbull County, Ohio. The population of the Township in 1820 was 526. The population of Ohio was 581,434. The total population of the United States in 1820 was 9,638,453. Of this number 1,538,022 were enslaved.

The United States Constitution requires that a population census be undertaken every ten years to determine the appropriation of seats in the United States House of Representatives and for the collection of taxes. The United States was the first nation to legislate a regularly held census.This forth census taken in the United States recorded the population as of August 7, 1820.

The United States Constitution requires that a population census be undertaken every ten years to determine the appropriation of seats in the United States House of Representatives and for the collection of taxes. The United States was the first nation to legislate a regularly held census.

Enumerators of the 1820 Federal Census were required to include the following categories on pages of their creation:
  • name of head of household;
  • number of free white males and females in age categories 0-10, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, 45 and older;
  • number of other free persons except Indians not taxed;
  • number of male and female slaves in age categories under 14, 14-26, 26-45, 45 and older; and
  • town or district and county of residence.
The United States Congress also required enumerators to count individuals in the following categories:
  • free white males, 16-18;
  • number of persons not naturalized;
  • number of persons engaged in agriculture, commerce, or manufacture;
  • number of male and female "colored" persons in age categories under 14,14-26, 26-45, 45 and older;
  • number of other persons except Indians not taxed.

Vienna Township, 1820


More Information

"1820 Overview." United States Census Bureau, Department of Commerce, Washington, DC.
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Shirley Wajda,
Oct 25, 2014, 1:08 PM